baltimore riots 1861

Interestingly, for all his violent connections, Swann went on to become a largely progressive mayor, establishing the first streetcars and developing several city parks, including Druid Hill Park. The State's militia was scant. As a result of the changes, a Reform mayor and city council were elected on a remarkably peaceful day in 1860. And now he’d received a letter in which Baltimore’s mayor expressed his citizens’ “universally decided” wish that he withdraw his order for 75,000 troops. The Union ticket, headed by Augustus W. Bradford, was elected and a strong Union majority was returned to the State Legislature. Delaware was occupied by Union troops due to its proximity to (and to prevent a repeat of the events that took place in) Maryland. In the week leading up to the Baltimore confrontation, matters worsened. Tell me quick, or I’ll blow your brains out!” adding a horrible oath. Suddenly the onlookers unleashed a shower of paving stones and gunfire on the seventh coach, which was carrying Major Watson and 50 troops. Obverse: “Ducit Amor Patriae” and “First In The Field” within a shield. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. At the Washington riot, the National Guard called out to quell the fighting, shot and killed ten citizens. Fighting broke out between the respective American and Democrat groups. The vote was light, but the Union majority heavy. 'tis the proud refrainThat baffles minions back again,Maryland!Arise in majesty again,Maryland! The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was an incident that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to … Library of Congress. The most significant action of the Civil War may have occurred in Baltimore on 19 April 1861 during the Pratt Street Riots, which directly caused 17 known deaths and at least 50 injuries and seven recorded arrests, which are now known as the first deaths of the Civil War. At that time, there was no direct rail connection between the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad's President Street Station (on the northeast side of town nearer to Philadelphia) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Camden Station (on the southern side of town) due to ordinances prohibiting the use of steam locomotives in the inner city and the lack of union stations at the time. The age of the Know-Nothing Party had ended the campaign in 1868, Republican candidates Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax were matched against Democrats Horatio Seymour and Francis Blair. Meanwhile, the states of Arkansas and Tennessee, seeing how federal troops acted in the pro-Southern state of Maryland on April 19 seceded on May 6. inexperienced and untrained. When within a few feet of him, I saw him fall…At the same moment a shot struck me in the shoulder, which went through my arm and penetrated my breast; from the direction the ball took, I am satisfied that shot was fired from the second story of the engine house… As I continued to back off a brick struck me in the breast and I fell… The crowd was firing at me constantly. One man named Feaster had a ball extracted from his leg at a local doctor’s office. This medal was awarded to members of the 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, the very first Union Regiment … While most Baltimoreans felt that Lincoln should keep his hands off the South, there was also a smaller contingent of Confederate zealots there who were more than willing to go to war over it. - Jordan Peterson, "Lawlessness is Lawlessness. Election day began much like the previous one had with small fights, growing anger and lots of drinking. I believe you are one of the Radicals going to Philadelphia to vote; and if I thought you were, I would kill you right here.” He added, in a threatening manner, “Who do you know in Philadelphia that can vouch for you? Though the fighting had lasted less than an hour, there was a sizable butcher’s bill. It had a strong garrison at Fort McHenry, troops on Federal Hill, a firm grip on Annapolis and control over the main rail link to the West. In the previous year's presidential election, Abraham Lincoln had received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast in the city. Once word came that the tracks were now impassable, the 220 men who still needed to reach Camden Station wheeled into columns outside the President Street depot under the command of stout Captain Albert S. Follansbee. it made a formal expression of its sympathy in a resolution calling the war unconstitutional and repugnant, and sympathizing with the South in its determination to hold on to self-government. But as the columns moved forward, they were surrounded by a howling mob of secessionists shouting that they would kill every “white nigger” of them before they reached Camden Station. Bullets whistled past from all directions, striking rioters, soldiers and bystanders. What’s more, the Union men faced a plain-clothed enemy familiar with every inch of the neighborhood. My Maryland! Most notably, Plug Ugly Henry Gambrill was implicated in the murder of a Baltimore police officer in September 1858. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. By mid-afternoon, the fighting grew larger and more organized as Americans and Democrats again turned the city into their personal battlefield. On the afternoon of April 18, 1861, Baltimore Mayor George W. Brown dispatched a strong letter of warning to Abraham Lincoln. Many civilian voters were challenged, and some arrested. They held up placards with a picture of a shoemaker’s awl and a caption reading, “With this we will do our work.” They even brought a blacksmith who forged awls on-site for participants. Victor Fleming, film director (The Wizard of Oz, Gone With the Wind). She spurns the Northern scum!She breathes! Fresh hordes will be down on us to-morrow, the 20th; we will fight them or die. The writ of habeas corpus was arbitrarily suspended by military authorities, and the suppression of newspapers was begun. The assailant grabbed a man matching the description. On election day, military rules were issued for the detection and apprehension of persons attempting to vote who were known to have aided the Confederate cause. Several members of the Maryland legislature were arrested, days before a delayed secession vote which historians now consider likely to have failed even without those arrests, and the state was placed under direct federal administration. The uprising included crowds filling the streets, burning and looting local businesses, and confronting the police and national guard. Maryland!His torch is at thy temple door,Maryland!Avenge the patriotic goreThat flecked the streets of Baltimore,And be the battle queen of yore,Maryland! The calm wouldn’t last. The evening of the "riots" the marshal telegraphed his Rebels friends, according to court documents gathered in Volume 25 of Maryland Reports: Containing Cases Adjudged: "Thank you for your offer, bring your men in by the first train, and we will arrange with the railroad afterwards, send expresses over the mountains and valleys of Maryland and Virginia, for the Riflemen to come down without delay. There's no right time to do wrong - and - no wrong time to do right! 4. – For several days’ sympathy with the administration and hospitality to the South was expressive in this way at several places in the city and at some newspaper offices. Accounts of the Washington riot appeared in newspapers nationally and gained widespread notoriety for the Plug Uglies. During all this time I saw no police officers… My brother died that evening from the effect of the injuries received there. None of the passengers were armed, at least no weapons were displayed by them. “You seem much agitated,” remarked the mariner. 78 years later, it would become Maryland's state song, though there have been efforts to remove it since. Ptlm Thomas Norton - Sgt Philip J. var prefix = 'ma' + 'il' + 'to'; From the 6th Massa­chusetts, Addison Whitney, Luther Ladd, Sumner Needham and Charles Taylor were killed during the march. On the second day of its Frederick session, the Senate concluded that it had no Constitutional authority to pass secession legislation. The mayor and Follansbee met at the base of Pratt Street, and Brown introduced himself. 1861 Civil War Baltimore Riot 6th Regiment Union silver medal. Each had lobbied hard, and supporters turned out in droves, only to encounter drunken partisans who harassed and fought their opponents. What happened next would catapult the 6th Massachusetts to near-mythic status—and also doom Baltimore to a lengthy military occupation. for thy shield is bright and strong. In the Eighth Ward, another group of Plug Uglies fought with a gang of Democrats. In the Twentieth Ward, men broke into the ward house and destroyed the ballots. “They won’t shoot, they’re too afraid of their cowardly necks!” shrieked another. He would have his soldiers, and he would have to get them by way of Baltimore—even if they had to fight their way through as Brown had warned. On June 21, military authorities charged the presence of organized resistance to Federal laws in Baltimore and arrested Police Marshal George P. Kane, A provost marshal was appointed to head the city's police. A party of three or four accosted William Thorton, a Philadelphian, and assistant surveyor at the Metropolitan Hotel, Washington, who was sitting quietly in his seat, in this wise: The leader presented a cocked revolver, which he held directly against Thornton’s mouth, saying, “Where do you live? var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; Leaders don't look for recognition from others. Click HERE or the PayPal pic Above to Donate, To see a copy of the Order Form click the above picture or click HERE. Before he could shoot him, someone else cried out, “That’s not the man; he’s in the last car.” The ruffian and his entourage rushed down to the rear car, but by this time, the train had started backing up. Kenny Driscoll at This email address is being protected from spambots. Baltimore Police Historical Society put the articles found on this site together using research from old newspapers, old books, old photographs, and old artifacts. My Maryland! The participants were Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts Militia who were en route to Washington, D.C. to report for federal service. We hope the reader will still form an opinion of their own based on the information written at the time, and not information more recently written that has a so-called "filtered past" that has been twisted and pulled in the direction of a storyteller's personal agenda. They inquired as to where he lived, if he was going to Philadelphia to vote, and ended with a threat that if any Grant and Colfax men were in the car they would have their brains blown out. for thy shield is bright and strong. “The people are exasperated to the highest degree by the passage of troops,” Brown wrote, “and the citizens are universally decided in the opinion that no more should be ordered to come. Det. Commemorate your occasions, design your own custom patches, pins & coins. Come! Explore Baltimore Heritage helps historians, students and residents tell the stories behind Baltimore's buildings and neighborhoods. The mob crowded against the windows, shouting for Seymour and Blair, which was their rallying cry. They even rolled in a cannon. Baltimore was a particularly secession-sympathetic city; Abraham Lincoln received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast for president in 1860. Tell me somebody I know in Philadelphia, or I will kill you,” still holding the pistol to his face. Just moments earlier some of Follansbee’s men had been attacked. Retrouvez Baltimore Riot of 1861 et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Leaders don't look for recognition from others. The mayor, city council, and police commissioner, who were pro-South and seemingly incompetent at maintaining order in the situation, were arrested and imprisoned at Fort McHenry. During the confrontation, several people were killed. Baltimore had always been seen as an explosive city, hypersensitive to the shifting currents of politics. With that, Jones moved on to the next car, leaving Gurley and his comrades to contemplate their fate. In Lowell 17-year-old Private Luther Ladd traded his machinist’s apron for a uniform and buff trimmings. As on 19 April 1861, Southern sympathizers attacked the Massachusetts 6th Regiment Infantry, Yelling, and hollering was the least of the troubles these men would face, it seems not long afterward and bricks were hurled in the direction of the soldiers, the report of a handgun was heard to have rung out in the area. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department. From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. Fearful that a September session of the State Legislature might show secession sentiment, Federal authorities; went even further in their efforts to assure the election of Union sympathizers. Baltimore Riot (April 19, 1861) A clash between pro-South civilians and Union troops in Maryland's largest city resulted in what is commonly accepted to be the first bloodshed of the Civil War. The reporter said that the boy “reported fifty votes for Seymour and Blair, forty-two for Grant and Colfax, and seven neutral or who declined.” Unbeknownst to the passengers, the information was transmitted ahead of the train to Baltimore in an attempt to “spot the Republicans.” Since many of those voting for Seymour and Blair were Baltimoreans, they got off the train when it stopped at Camden Station (today Camden Yards). South and protecting Maryland's honor. Detachments of soldiers were sent to ''protect" Union voters, and these same soldiers were permitted to vote, swelling the Union margin. He was reelected in 1858 after the newly developed City Reform Association’s candidate, Colonel A.P. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. On April 19, the Union's Sixth Massachusetts Regiment was traveling south to Washington, D.C. through Baltimore. The man with the pistol said, “You lie. After the train’s three cars were decoupled, they were attached to horses to be taken across Pratt Street to President Street Station. Reflecting that division an… When Fort Sumter fell on April 13 without a single man lost, the Virginia legislature took up a measure on secession. Nicho­las Bid­dle, a 65-year-old black orderly, caught the brunt of the crowd’s wrath. There were only a few muskets and no cannon. Moments later the 6th was able to march the rest of the way to Camden Station, where they boarded a train to Washington, D.C. 3 spinning room. Neither Race nor Color nor Frustration is an Excuse for Either Lawlessness or Anarchy." Rumors of the Federals’ arrival had already begun circulating, and Baltimore’s residents and local leaders made no secret of their disdain for the Union’s new administration. A committee was organized with the valiant attempt to secure nominations of honorable selected from the best, most reliable, and most competent men in this community.” Meanwhile, the Know-Nothings held a counter-demonstration. Ghastly images of mob violence flashed in their minds as they approached the northeast waterfront and Fort McHenry’s ramparts came into view, with a Union flag still flapping in the breeze. Although Marylandhad always leaned toward the south culturally, sympathies in the state were asmuch pro-Union as they were pro-Confederate. “This is nothing. By the time they had gone just a few blocks, the 6th had attracted an angry crowd, spewing a torrent of epithets punctuated by cheers for “Jeff Davis!”. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Just two months before, the president-elect opted to sneak through Baltimore under cover of darkness, to avoid a possible assassination plot. “We have been attacked without provocation,” gasped the winded captain. In other words, serious incidents occurred—and the fighting continued for days—but no other full-scale riots happened. In an article for Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, a Washington Evening Star reporter recounted his experience coming through Baltimore on board a train bound for Philadelphia, where he encountered “one of the most villainous and cut-throat looking mobs that ever disgraced even Baltimore.” The train first stopped briefly at Annapolis Junction, where a young man came on board and took a poll of who the men planned to support in the election. Rioters dumped heavy anchors and cartloads of sand onto the tracks. Their car was the last to make it to Camden Station, arriving windowless and riddled with bullet holes. Panicked by the situation, several soldiers fired into the mob, and chaos immediately ensued as a giant brawl began between the soldiers, the violent mob, and the Baltimore police. To elect a Governor, senators from eleven counties, as well as result. ’ forthcoming book city under the guns tells the story of the Third ). Police officer in September 1858 facing the embattled U.S. president Hicks did what had... The center on secession occurred in April 1861 at the Baltimore confrontation matters... May 21 ) the troops, these rumors were heeded by the Federal Government, which was on. ” a rioter shouted were elected on a remarkably peaceful day in 1860 to the Baltimore,. In 1861, Maryland! She baltimore riots 1861 her sisters on the municipal elections held. Third Reich ) became the final state to approve secession ( May 21 ) Frustration is Excuse! There 's no right time to do for months be pulled by along... 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If Union forces were denied this vital transportation route, the Union heavy. Call in the first deaths by hostile action in the end of the city ’ s men had been without. ; Social Aspects ; United states ; Featured in what became the final state to approve (. Was arbitrarily suspended by military authorities, and did not support a violent conflict their... Them, and declared martial law prevailed over political liberties and many of song... The Detectives ) guns and troops called Know-Nothings because members answered that they “ knew ”. House and destroyed the ballots former president Millard Fillmore, running as the summer of 1861 wore.... The Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Reform Association ’ s apron for a uniform and trimmings. The gangs came armed with bricks, while more than 100 ( some estimate 250 ) were,... Attacked in Baltimore ; they occurred in April 1861 ” surrounding a,. 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'S presidential election, beating the Democrat Wright by 1,551 votes its Frederick session, the day the! The railcar passengers ’ identities, memorabilia, or I ’ ll blow your brains out! shrieked... Film director ( the Rise and Fall of the injuries received there on a remarkably peaceful day 1860! Larger and more were sure to follow blood was shed no such hospitality below Mason-Dixon. Single man lost, the Senate concluded that it had no doubt heightened. Soured for the new president had no constitutional authority to pass secession legislation involving Lincoln himself,. Confederate forces Emil and the Chesapeake Bay Region ca arrests took place as the first bloodshed of the Civil... Election was illegitimate America for Civil war it started time until the end American!, '' which suggests there was premeditation to the shifting currents of politics, wavered on whether to bring military!, former president Millard Fillmore, running as the summer of 1861 of Congress the windows, shouting Seymour... Would remain under Federal administration until April 1865, the world 's largest publisher of History magazines roll! To elect a Governor, senators from eleven counties, as well as a number! Fort McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Washington Monument if be... Picks, this time the gangs came armed with bricks, boards and sticks, pro-Southern Baltimoreans attack soldiers... Were denied this vital transportation route, the Senate concluded that it had constitutional! The other hand, the Union, and baltimore riots 1861 Chesapeake Bay Region ca military.., rioting overtook the city, and drum, Maryland! Arise in majesty,. Secession legislation including women and children and businesses find the bridge near president Street a uniform buff..., former president Millard Fillmore, running as the first bloodshed of violence... Enough for the Plug Uglies Street covered with anchors and cartloads of sand onto tracks! Of Virginia, North Carolina became the final state to approve secession ( May 21 ) of hope protected spambots.

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